Before you even consider your make-up, don’t under estimate the importance of good skincare. Knowing how to identify your skin type will ensure choosing the right product as a foundation (pun intended) for your make-up.

Your skin is the canvas on which you paint your masterpiece, so it only makes sense to take good care of it.


Before making a start please bear in mind that once you have identified your skin type and start using a good skincare regime your skin type may change.

Normal Skin

This skin type is smooth in texture and has an even skin tone. You will be blessed with a lack of enlarged pores and your skin will feel velvety smooth. Also your skin will remain in large part blemish free. Look after it!

Dry Skin

With this skin type it may appear flaky and rough to the touch. It tends to develop wrinkles earlier in age than other skin types.

Dry skin conditions will be aggravated by the elements – sun, wind, cold air and even central heating. The good news is that pores are invisible making the skin less susceptible to blemishes.

Oily Skin

This type of skin can feel greasy – even after cleansing. Pores will be visible and need special cleansing to keep them from clogging up, which often leads to blackheads.

On the up side, if you have this skin type it will remain wrinkle-free for longer, maintaining its elasticity.

Combination Skin

This skin type is a mixture of oily and dry skin. The oily areas will be where the oil glands are, namely the T zone (forehead, nose and chin) and the dry areas will be the cheeks. A mixture or routines will be necessary.

Sensitive Skin

Can be oily and/or dry and tends to feel itchy, bumpy or flaky. There are a number of factors which can result in sensitive skin – stress, extreme weather changes and hormonal changes due to age. Dyes and fragrances in cosmetics and skincare products as well as poor diet, dehydration allergens and heavy pollutants.

The good news is there are many products on the market designed for sensitive skin and you will usually find they are fragrance-free and contain natural ingredients.

However, if your skin deteriorates you may need to consider seeing a dermatologist as there may be underlying skin conditions such as dermatitis, eczema or psoriasis. But don’t despair, these are all treatable.


…waits for no one. Changes to your skin type can change over time and you may have to adapt your skin care routine to take account of these.

Young skin tends to be oily and old skin dryer. If you can, avoid stress, extreme climates and bear in mind medication can affect skin conditions as well.


Don’t be tempted to change your entire skincare routine all at once, in case a reaction occurs. Instead, introduce products one at a time to establish which ones suit you.

Alex is a qualified MUA, Personal Stylist, Image Consultant and Photographer.

Photo credit: Colour Me Beautiful

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